Periodontal disease, otherwise known as gum disease, is responsible for more lost teeth in the UK than any other type of dental problem, including tooth decay. Therefore it is very important that you are able to recognise the signs of gum disease and act upon them as soon as possible.
Gum disease is caused by a build up of plaque on the teeth and gums. Plaque contains bacteria and food debris that starts to decay releasing acids, which erode tooth enamel and destroy gum tissue. This destruction of tissue begins with a gradual irritation leading to inflammation and soreness. At this point, periodontal disease is known as gingivitis and is easily treated by a dentist or with improved oral hygiene. If it is allowed to continue to worsen however, it becomes the more serious periodontitis, which requires much more serious treatment. When it has reached this stage there may be irreparable damage to the gum tissue, which may need to be treated with antibiotics or even surgical tissue removal. This might even include a stay in hospital.
On top of this, badly damaged gum tissue can lead to a loosening of support for teeth and the spread of infection. Gum disease has recently been linked to heart disease which is just another reason to make sure you are doing something about it. Visit a London W1 dentist every six-months to check for gum disease and try to improve your oral hygiene by better brushing and flossing. Gum disease is easily avoided with the right precautions and can be very serious if these are ignored.