At Aqua Dental Spa, our priority is your oral health and we do everything we can to prevent and treat dental disease as simply, quickly and comfortably as possible. The most common types of dental disease are decay and gum disease.
Dental decay, also known as tooth decay and cavities, is one of the most common preventable illnesses to affect children and adults in the UK. Signs of decay include toothache, sensitivity and the development of holes in the tooth surface, which you can sometimes see or feel with your tongue. Decay is caused by bacteria that combine with food debris to form a dangerous sticky substance called plaque. Plaque can usually be removed easily with a brush, but if it is left, the bacteria in plaque release acids when they feed and these acids attack the tooth enamel, causing it to become eroded. Eventually, holes known as cavities form in the enamel and the tooth becomes susceptible to infection.
The best way to prevent decay is to focus on good oral hygiene and avoid eating and drinking acidic and sugary products such as sweets, fizzy drinks and fruit juice on a regular basis. If you have signs of decay, there are various options available, including fillings for minor cases and crowns and root canal treatment for more severe examples.
Gum disease is the most common cause of adult tooth loss. It is also caused by harmful plaque acids that irritate the gums and is often linked to poor oral hygiene and a diet rich in sugary and acidic foods. Smoking can increase the risk of gum disease because it reduces oxygen flow to the gums. Symptoms of gum disease include swelling, soreness and tenderness and often the first sign you spot is bleeding when you brush.
There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis, which is a mild form and periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease, which is an advanced form of gum disease. Gingivitis can usually be treated with good oral hygiene and thorough cleaning, however it can quickly become more serious and periodontal disease is much more difficult to treat. With periodontal disease, bacteria cause irreversible damage, not just to the gums, but also to the bone tissue that lies underneath. This causes the teeth to come loose in their sockets and they will eventually come out. In cases of advanced gum disease, long-term treatment is usually recommended and this involves intensive cleaning treatment provided by dentists and dental hygienists.
Like decay, gum disease can be prevented with good oral hygiene, a healthy diet and regular trips to the dentist.