The gum is the soft tissue that surrounds the root of the teeth in the mouth. Aesthetically it acts as a frame for the teeth and if it is out of proportion it can make the teeth appear too small or uneven. Many people, about 7 per cent of men and 14 per cent of women, have an excess of gum tissue, known more commonly as a gummy smile. This excess gingival display can be caused by a number of factors. It is often the result of a hormonal imbalance. In other cases it can be caused by a patient taking some form of medication, often blood pressure medication, but in most cases it is simply a hereditary condition.
Large amount soft gum tissue has no medical disadvantage but cosmetically it can seriously affect the appearance of the teeth. Large gums can make teeth seem short, stubby and uneven but it is a condition that can be addressed through a minor corrective surgery known as laser gum contouring. The process involves using a powerful dental laser to simply remove any excess tissue and sculpt the remaining gum to the desired shape and size to enhance the appearance of teeth. This surgery used to be carried out with a scalpel, which made it a great deal more complicated. The new laser technology means that recovery times are reduced because blood vessels are cauterised during surgery. The intense heat of the laser also prevents any post-procedural infection occurring and reduces blood loss.
Laser gum contouring is a straightforward and relatively painless procedure offered by most cosmetic dentists. It can usually be performed in under an hour and requires no extensive preparation. In some cases gum tissue may grow back but this can be remedied by a painless removal of some of the bone under the gum tissue. Make an appointment for a consultation at a Central London dentist to see if laser gum contouring could improve the appearance of your smile.