Gingivitis may result from poor oral hygiene practice where tooth decay develops, causing infection in the gums and teeth. Other triggers of gingivitis may include:
- Medications that cause swelling and bleeding of the gums, such as those used to treat epilepsy or psychosis
- Health conditions, such as diabetes
- Improper diet
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gingivitis, where infection is present in the gums and teeth, destroying the periodontal ligament that connects the teeth through the gum tissue to the jaw bone. As the periodontal ligament disintegrates, the gum pockets enlarge, teeth become loose and may eventually fall out due to necrosis or death of gum tissue, periodontal ligament and jaw alveolar bone.
At Aqua Dental Clinic in the heart of London, we take steps to prevent gingivitis that may lead to periodontitis. Good oral hygiene practice, regular dental check-ups, professional teeth cleaning and discussing medication side effects with a doctor can help to prevent the development of gingivitis into periodontitis.
Treatment for periodontal disease
Where periodontal disease has already developed, the disease will need to be managed with the help of a dentist and dental hygienist. Teeth that are infected may require root canal treatment to remove infection from the inner dental pulp to prevent the spread of infection throughout the tooth root canals and bloodstream. Treated teeth may be restored with a dental crown, inlay or onlay.
Surgical procedures for periodontal disease may include gum pocket reduction and regenerative techniques, gum tissue grafts and teeth lengthening with crowns.
If the tooth cannot be saved, dental extraction may be the last resort. The options for missing teeth replacements include dental crowns, bridges and dentures that may be secured with or without dental implants.