Plaque is a sticky transparent substance, which contains bacteria and is made in the mouth. The bacteria in plaque reacts with sugars and carbohydrates found in food and drink and over time the plaque releases acid. It is this acid that eats away at the enamel of the teeth and eventually it will be the cause of cavities and tooth decay, which can lead to pain, infection and tooth loss.
Plaque build up can be prevented by brushing your teeth after every meal or at least twice a day in the morning and before bedtime. Use a toothbrush that has soft rounded bristles with a small head that reaches all parts of a tooth. An electric toothbrush generally removes more than a manual will.
Flossing cleans the space between two teeth that cannot be reached with a toothbrush. This should be done at least once a day, preferably at night. Brushing your tongue at least once a day is also recommended as a large amount of bacteria in the mouth are found on the back of the tongue.
Regular visits to the dentist are needed, ideally every 6 months. This enables your Central London dentist to check for any signs of tooth decay and advise you for the appropriate treatment before the issue get out of hand.
As well as having a good oral hygiene routine, and regular checkups it is a recommended that a professional clean is done at least once a year. This will remove any build up and gets below the gum line to remove any plaque and bacteria that may be forming there. Even if the accessible surfaces of the teeth are clean, cavities and tooth decay can still occur if plaque is allowed to build up below the gum line.