Dental diseases usually affect the teeth and gums and common examples include gum disease and decay. At Aqua Dental Spa, our mission is to promote good oral health and encourage our patients to live by the motto that prevention is better than cure. We aim to see all our patients for regular check-ups and provide them with the advice and information they need to prevent dental disease and enjoy healthy, bright smiles.
About tooth decay
Tooth decay is one of the most common preventable illnesses in children and adults in the UK. It occurs when harmful bacteria erode and penetrate the protective outer layer of the tooth. This causes holes known as cavities to form. Once a cavity has developed, there is a risk of infection spreading through the tooth and this can result in dental abscesses and extensive damage to the tooth. In some cases, root canal treatment and a new crown may be recommended.
Decay is often associated with poor oral hygiene, but it can also be caused by acid erosion, which is often linked to diet. When you eat sugary or acidic foods, bacteria release acids that erode and weaken the enamel and this increases the chance of decay.
About gum disease
Gum disease is very common and it can potentially be very serious, resulting in premature tooth loss. The mild form of gum disease, gingivitis, is usually relatively easy to treat with good oral hygiene. However, it can progress and develop into periodontal disease, which causes permanent damage to the bone structure beneath the gums. In this case, the teeth become loose in their sockets in the jaw bone and eventually fall out.
Gum disease is also caused by bacteria and commonly results when bacteria in plaque release acids that make the gums swollen and irritated. Plaque forms when bacteria combine with saliva and food traces, and is most commonly associated with poor oral hygiene. Smoking is also a risk factor for gum disease.
The signs to look out for include swelling, bleeding gums and pain in and around the gums. If you spot these signs, it’s best to see your dentist as soon as possible.